Macular degeneration is a degenerative disease of the retina that causes progressive, painless loss of central vision.
The macular is the central part of the retina that we use to see fine detail, drive, read and recognise faces. Right now you are using your macular to read this information.
Macular degeneration is the most common cause of vision loss in the developed world in individuals over 50 years of age and affects 1 in 7 people over the age of 50. In its early stages, you may have early macular degeneration without knowing it. Early detection and treatment is vital in minimising the extent of vision loss resulting from macular degeneration. Although there is no cure for macular degeneration, there are treatment options that can slow down its progression and prevent vision loss. Changes can be made to your diet, and supplements can be prescribed to help support your macular.
Max Astri Optometrists utilises cutting edge technology to assess your macular health. During a macular assessment, retinal imaging with autofluorescence, high resolution Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) scans and macular pigment density analysis are used to assess your macular health. Retinal imaging and OCT scans not only screen for macular degeneration but also detect the early signs of glaucoma, cataracts and the ocular complications of diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Age is the most important risk factor in macular degeneration. Other risk factors include history and Caucasian ancestry. Smoking is an important modifiable risk factor.